Laboratory bottles

The Start of a New Development in Chemistry: Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Around 1820 a new development in chemistry have risen; instead of simply analyzing existing chemical compounds they started synthesizing it developing complex molecules including those that didn’t exist in nature

This is the start of Synthetic Organic Chemistry and it all started with chemist Friedrich Wohler who discovered that he was able to synthesize urea without the production of it from kidney. This step lead to a deeper understanding of the principles of chemical structure and later on the emergence of pharmaceutical industries.

Understanding Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Synthetic organic chemistry is the process of building-up complex molecular structure from smaller and easily accessible compounds. It can be total synthesis where in the starting materials are from simple inorganic compounds creating new chemical reactions or discovering new route for an existing route from a certain targeted molecules. These could be organic compounds, medicinally important active ingredients, or natural products.

It can also be semi-synthesis or partial chemical synthesis where in it uses chemical compounds isolated from natural sources or organic compounds. These have higher molecular weight and complex molecule targets that contributes more on the production of novel compounds or medicinal properties.

There are different kinds of organic compounds but we’ll discuss more on the natural and synthetic organic chemistry.

  1. Natural Organic Chemicals – are chemicals that are available in our ecosystem and is naturally around us like, oxygen. We also get vitamins from natural resources like the sun and organic foods.

Synthetic Organic Chemistry – are man-made compounds and is available after further analyzing, planning, and testing of different organic and inorganic compounds. These man-made chemicals if undergone semi-synthesis could also produce medicinal properties that could be another source of vitamins that has properties quite similar to natural organic chemicals, although differing from origins.