Friedrich Wohler and the Start of Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Laboratory personnel

In 1828 Friedrich Wohler discovered that he could produce urea outside the body without the production of kidney and excretion via urine

He uses inorganic starting materials, to obtain urea he treated silver cyanate with ammonium chloride. This process is the whole idea of synthetic organic chemistry, producing synthesized chemicals using starting materials either organic or inorganic compounds. The discovery led many chemists to produce and see different results, chemical reactions of combined molecules and sometimes seeing the product as medicinal also paved the way for pharmaceutical industry to broaden the list of medicines and vitamins.

Starting Materials for Synthetic Organic Chemistry

There are two different kinds of synthesizing chemicals depending on the starting materials. The very first chemistry organic, which is urea, is a total synthesis process because he used simple inorganic compounds to produce it. Production from inorganic compounds led chemists to see a new route for the targeted molecule – at this point it’s urea. They saw that it could be produced using different compounds, they also focus on seeing new chemical reactions from the by -products of it. The other process is semi-synthesis or partial chemical synthesis which uses organic compounds as a starting material to produce novel compounds with medicinal properties that later on contributed in the pharmaceutical industries. Synthetic organic chemistry is a wide range of chemically produced compounds that we can all see and study up until now.

How can an organic chemical be called synthetic as well?

 

  • First let’s understand that there is a natural organic chemical where in the chemical compounds are naturally available to us from our ecosystem and varies widely as well.
  • Synthetic organic chemistry is man-made compounds that sometimes imitates natural organic chemicals. Chemists synthesizes these chemicals to produce a synthetic organic chemicals.
  • The two origin of organic chemicals aim one thing as well and the properties are quite similar.

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