plant extraction

Plant extraction that beautify the world – Cosmetic products

The usage of plant extraction in the cosmetic industry is indispensable

Starting from Aloe vera to Calendula, the extracts from these plants are used in the nourishing of the skin and giving a glowing look for the people. It is these natural plant extraction that make the women to become angels.

The medicinal properties of aloe vera cannot be said in one or two paragraphs here. Its benefits in the production of skin lotions and sun burn creams are countless. The moisturizing and healing properties of the aloe vera extracts are under research and are still a topic of interest for many researchers. It is not only used in cosmetic, but also in the food industry mainly as a dessert. It has also been known for its healing properties of Pilates. However, it is less documented on this claim. Aloe vera extract, along with other plant extraction helps in the well being of the external appearance of the humans.

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Extracts from Calendula on the other hand has both cosmetic and medicinal properties.

These flowers are commonly called as Marigold, which has yellow petal flowers that are used in medicinal areas. Ointments from Calendual extracts are found to be treating skin burns and radiation burns.

Another common and most widely known cosmetic herb is Acacia concinna, which is commonly called as Shikakai, traditionally meaning “Fruit for the hair”. The fruitplant extraction is used in hair care industry along with other natural extracts from long time. It is called as a traditional shampoo and have been in use from ancient times in India. Along with other natural extracts including the Indian goose berries, the plant extraction is extract forms a perfect alternative to the chemical hair conditioners. Even in the modern day of shampoos and soaps, the shikkai extract from this plant is incomparable in terms of the cooling effect it products on the head and the hair.



Commercial applications of peptides

Peptides are naturally synthesized assemblies constructed from amino acids into chains

The body generates peptides to perform various biological functions such as curing, fight infection and inflammation and reconstruct tissues. Because of the many possible structural combinations of the constituent amino acids, peptides are extensively used in medicine and cosmetic industry

  • Anti-Aging Creams

Products marketed as anti-aging creams encompass a variation of peptides. A protein known as Collagen, gives skin its elasticity. Although the skin contains plenty of collagen but the production diminutions with age.  They produce more collagen hence more elasticity and fewer wrinkles. These are the best anti aging creams that are helping millions of people to fight aging and to remain younger  for longer years with these creams.

  • Imaging

Body scans work by sending dyes through the bloodstream when they interact with certain tissues they produce fluorescence. Peptides, are drawn to acidic and hypoxic tissues, which characterize tumor and inflammation sites. Specific peptides in the fluorescing material, produce magnitudes five times superior than in control experiments lacking peptides. Thus, peptide synthesis incorporated dyes provide physicians a new weapon for the detection of cancer even at early stages.

  • Aspartame

The 0-calorie sweetener found in many beverages is a manufactured peptide. Aspartame is formed when aspartic acid and phenylalanine are fused together, forming a dipeptide bond that is 200 times sweeter than sugar.

  • Anti-Microbial Treatments

Body produces antibodies to fight the ambient microbes corresponding to sun damage, injury or acne lesions on the skin. Lesions provide an opening for such an invasion. The body recognizes the lesions and overflows the area with white blood cells and antimicrobial peptides. So, topical application of externally produced specific peptides are efficient as fast-acting antibiotics, even against drug-resistant bacteria, because they actually damage the cell wall of the invading pathogen.


synthetic organic chemistry

A New Direction in Chemistry: Synthetic Organic Chemistry

At around 1820s a chemist named Friedrich Wohler discovered something that forever changed and further made development in chemistry, the figuring out of synthetic organic chemistry.

He wrote a letter to his former mentor, JonsJakob Berzelius, how he produced urea not from a living body in a laboratory through synthetic organic chemistry. They didn’t just analyze existing chemical compounds but they began to synthesize them. This started chemists to also synthesize different smaller molecules from easily accessible compounds and progressed by building-up complex molecular structures.

Components of Synthetic Organic Chemistry

In synthesizing there needs to be a starting material to create another compound, and chemists have tried almost every single compound that they know to create a more complex molecular structure. liquid chromatography must comprise of a carbon atom first and foremost to create an organic compound that could be useful for living sources. They could start up from inorganic materials as well, this is what they need for total synthesis. Through total synthesis the process is to see new chemical reactions and chemical reagents. There is also semi-synthesis or partial chemical synthesis where in the starting materials are those from isolated organic compounds that could then produce other novel compounds that could have medicinal properties. These new compounds from semi-synthesis are usually producing drugs that could also imitate natural organic chemicals.

Difference Between Natural Organic Chemicals and Synthetic Organic Chemistry

  1. Natural organic chemicals are those that’s offer to us by nature itself. It is authentic and is not made by anyone from anything. These chemicals could be from the air we breathe, the soil we step on, the fruits by the trees, or even from the sun.
  2. Synthetic organic chemistry are man-made chemicals that some of it imitates the natural source of chemicals. The vitamins that we get from nature can be produced by synthesizing chemicals having quite the same properties but differing in origin.


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Knowing More of Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Synthetic organic chemistry started way back nineteenth century where chemist Friedrich Wohler discovered the production of urea even outside human bodies using inorganic chemicals

He treated silver cyanate with ammonium chloride that resulted in the production of urea. He immediately told his fellow colleague regarding his discovery. He was able to make a synthetic urea through the process of total synthesis that we’ll tackle later on. This was the first time that synthetic organic chemistry was discovered and made a big impact in the society of chemists. Now, they don’t simply analyze existing molecules but they’re synthesizing them as well, producing a different chemical.

Understanding the idea that an inorganic compound is used for living sources is the main purpose of synthetic organic chemistry. If you look for answers and lists of synthetic organic chemicals there are tons. Ever since it started growing chemists just can’t get enough of analyzing and experimenting. There are also different outcomes that happen when chemists synthesize smaller molecules for a rather complex molecules.

Total Synthesis and Semi-synthesis

Now let’s tackle more on the processes that chemicals go through to develop complex molecules as we’ve said earlier we have the total synthesis and other than that is semi-synthesis.

  • Total synthesis is the process that Friedrich Wohler did for the production of urea. Inorganic compounds are used as starting materials to create a more complex compounds. The results of this have given chemists light in a lot of aspect, they get to see new chemical reactions from the combination of different molecules, they get to check new routes for the synthesis of the targeted molecules – natural products, organic compounds, medicinally important active ingredients. That although these targeted molecules have existing routes it would be of good knowledge to widen the scope of different routes from them.
  • Semi-synthesis or partial chemical synthesis is a process of complete synthesis where in chemicals from isolated natural sources are used as starting material to produce novel compounds that will later on be tried on to animals to see if there are medicinal properties in it.
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Application of peptides in Skin Care

In present scenario people who are looking for the best skin-care products and cosmetic manufacturers have peptides as an ingredient at the top of their list

The skin comprises of natural peptides, that contribute to the structural strength of the skin and keep it elastic. But peptides used in skin care which are lab-created work in exactly opposite way i.e. inside out. The strands of amino acids infiltrate the skin to address common skin-care problems, including wrinkles and loosening of skin.  The effectiveness of peptides in skin care product quite remarkable and hence they tend to be really expensive.

Types of peptides used in skin care products:

  • Pentapeptides

PalmitoylPentapeptide, also named as Matrixyl, and MyristoylPentapeptidearespecific pentapeptides found in skin care products. Collagen and hyaluronic acid are the two natural components of skin that helps to support the skin structure and helps to keep the elasticity of the skin intact loss of which results in wrinkles and sagging skin, the pentapeptide works by stimulating these two natural compounds in skin.

  • Copper Peptides

Copper peptides catch up with molecules of copper to carry out their function. The amalgamation of peptide molecule and copper molecules make their way into the deeper layers of the skin. Once they reach inside the epidermal layer of the skin they start stimulating collagen growth and promote skin healing. Since the size of the copper peptide is really small, they are able to penetrate several skin layers inducing extremely high effects, which is why the demand for copper peptide in skin care industry has been on the rise

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  • Neuropeptides

Neuropeptides perform by successful stimulation of neurotransmitters in the skin, due to which nerve cells in the skin stop interaction and relax. When the skin cells stop communicating it results in smoother and wrinkle free skin.

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The History of Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Synthetic Organic Chemistry started out when chemist Friedrich Wohler performed the synthesis of urea in 1828

He excitedly told his former mentor, JonsJakob Berzelius about his new discovery that later on developed the world of organic compound and inorganic compounds. That one synthesis of organic compound led chemists to work on synthesizing different compounds and building-up complex molecules resulting in discovering new route of synthesis for certain targeted molecules that could be medicinally important active ingredients, natural products, or organic products. Synthetic organic chemicals are man-made and contains carbon atoms; since organic compounds are mainly organic because of the carbon atom in its structure.

The Process of Synthetic Organic Chemistry

The processes in doing organic synthetic chemistry involves synthetic analysis and planning. We all know that the process is so much complicated than that but we’ll tackle two ways in choosing starting materials.

  1. Total Synthesis – this uses purely and simple inorganic compounds to create complex molecular structure that results in a completely different compound. This aim is to discover new chemical reactions and chemical reagents. It also aim to find a new route of synthesis for a certain targeted molecule.
  2. Semi-Synthesis or partial chemical synthesis – this uses organic compounds from natural sources as starting material to produce compounds with medicinal properties. Unlike inorganic compounds, organic compounds have higher complexity thus developing compounds that contributes highly in synthetic organic chemistry.

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Synthetic Organic Chemistry vs Natural Organic Chemistry

First, let’s describe natural organic chemistry, as the name itself these are the chemicals that can be found in our nature and present in our everyday lives. The synthetic organic chemistry are chemicals produced by man and could be either helpful towards the development of organic chemistry or helpful as alternative to our natural medicines. Both of them have quite a similarity in their properties but they differ as to where it came from.