A New Direction in Chemistry: Synthetic Organic Chemistry
At around 1820s a chemist named Friedrich Wohler discovered something that forever changed and further made development in chemistry, the figuring out of synthetic organic chemistry.
He wrote a letter to his former mentor, JonsJakob Berzelius, how he produced urea not from a living body in a laboratory through synthetic organic chemistry. They didn’t just analyze existing chemical compounds but they began to synthesize them. This started chemists to also synthesize different smaller molecules from easily accessible compounds and progressed by building-up complex molecular structures.
Components of Synthetic Organic Chemistry
In synthesizing there needs to be a starting material to create another compound, and chemists have tried almost every single compound that they know to create a more complex molecular structure. liquid chromatography must comprise of a carbon atom first and foremost to create an organic compound that could be useful for living sources. They could start up from inorganic materials as well, this is what they need for total synthesis. Through total synthesis the process is to see new chemical reactions and chemical reagents. There is also semi-synthesis or partial chemical synthesis where in the starting materials are those from isolated organic compounds that could then produce other novel compounds that could have medicinal properties. These new compounds from semi-synthesis are usually producing drugs that could also imitate natural organic chemicals.
Difference Between Natural Organic Chemicals and Synthetic Organic Chemistry
- Natural organic chemicals are those that’s offer to us by nature itself. It is authentic and is not made by anyone from anything. These chemicals could be from the air we breathe, the soil we step on, the fruits by the trees, or even from the sun.
- Synthetic organic chemistry are man-made chemicals that some of it imitates the natural source of chemicals. The vitamins that we get from nature can be produced by synthesizing chemicals having quite the same properties but differing in origin.