Synthetic organic chemistry started way back nineteenth century where chemist Friedrich Wohler discovered the production of urea even outside human bodies using inorganic chemicals
He treated silver cyanate with ammonium chloride that resulted in the production of urea. He immediately told his fellow colleague regarding his discovery. He was able to make a synthetic urea through the process of total synthesis that we’ll tackle later on. This was the first time that synthetic organic chemistry was discovered and made a big impact in the society of chemists. Now, they don’t simply analyze existing molecules but they’re synthesizing them as well, producing a different chemical.
Understanding the idea that an inorganic compound is used for living sources is the main purpose of synthetic organic chemistry. If you look for answers and lists of synthetic organic chemicals there are tons. Ever since it started growing chemists just can’t get enough of analyzing and experimenting. There are also different outcomes that happen when chemists synthesize smaller molecules for a rather complex molecules.
Total Synthesis and Semi-synthesis
Now let’s tackle more on the processes that chemicals go through to develop complex molecules as we’ve said earlier we have the total synthesis and other than that is semi-synthesis.
- Total synthesis is the process that Friedrich Wohler did for the production of urea. Inorganic compounds are used as starting materials to create a more complex compounds. The results of this have given chemists light in a lot of aspect, they get to see new chemical reactions from the combination of different molecules, they get to check new routes for the synthesis of the targeted molecules – natural products, organic compounds, medicinally important active ingredients. That although these targeted molecules have existing routes it would be of good knowledge to widen the scope of different routes from them.
- Semi-synthesis or partial chemical synthesis is a process of complete synthesis where in chemicals from isolated natural sources are used as starting material to produce novel compounds that will later on be tried on to animals to see if there are medicinal properties in it.